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7 The world's highest peak Turned Professional Climber Obsession

Seven Summits of the World (The Seven Summits of the World) is known as the highest peaks are found in every continent on Earth.  The concept was first proposed by Richard Bass in the 1980's and has the aim of every mountaineer to climb each during their lifetime.

Bass was the first person to climb all the peaks that and once held the record for the oldest person to climb Everest.

Seven Summits of the World

The seven summits, no doubt, you may have heard of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Mount Everest in Nepal.  Please you read to the end - how high they are, which are the most challenging and why you should make the climb to the highest peak in the world.

1.  Mount Everest (8850 m) (Asia)


Mount Everest (English: Mount Everest) is the world's tallest mountain (when measured from sea paras.)  Summit ridge marks the border between Nepal and Tibet; peak in Tibet.  In Nepal, the mountain is called Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा, Sanskrit for "Forehead Sky") and in Tibetan Chomolangma or Qomolangma ("Mother of the Universe"), pronounced in Chinese 珠穆朗玛峰 (pinyin: Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Feng).

This mountain get their English name from the name of Sir George Everest.  This name was given by Sir Andrew Waugh, the surveyor-general British India, the successor of Everest.  Everest is one of the Seven Summits of the world.

Radhanath Sikdar, mathematician and surveyor from Bengal, was the first state as the highest peak Mount Everest through trigonometric calculations in 1852.  This calculation is done using a theodolite from a distance of 150 miles away in India.  Most of the people of India believe that these peaks should be named according to Sikdar, not Everest.

This mountain has a height of about 8850 m, although there are variations in terms of size (both Nepal and the Chinese government has not officially endorsed this measure, the height of Mount Everest is still considered to be 8848 m by them).  Mount Everest was first measured in 1856 has a height of 8839 m, but is stated as 8840 m (29,002 ft).  Additional 0.6 m (2 ft) shows that at that time the exact height of 29,000 feet will be considered as a rounded estimate.  General assessment used at present is 8850 m that is obtained through reading Global Positioning System (GPS).  Himalaya mountain is still rising higher due to tectonic plate movement area.

Mount Everest is a mountain whose top reaches the farthest distance from the sea face.  Two other mountains are sometimes also referred to as "the highest mountain in the world" is Mauna Loa in Hawaii, which is the highest when measured from the base at the bottom of the sea, but only reaches a height of 4170 m above sea paras and Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador, a peak 2150 m  higher than the earth's center than Mount Everest, because the Earth's equator mengembung in the region.  However, Chimborazo only reached an altitude of 6272 m above sea face, so that not even the highest peak in the Andes.

Basic deepest in the ocean deeper than the height of Everest: the Challenger Deep, located in the Mariana Trench, so if the mountain in the Himalayas to put in it, there are nearly 1.6 km of water covering it.

2.  Aconcagua (6959 m) (South America)


At 6962 m (22,841 ft), Cerro Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Americas, and the highest mountain outside Asia.  It is located in the Andes mountains, in the Argentine province of Mendoza.  This summit is located about 5 kilometers from San Juan Province and 15 kilometers from the international border with Chile.  It lies 112 kilometers (70 miles) west of the northern city of Mendoza.  Aconcagua is the highest peak in both the Western and Southern Hemisphere.  This is one of the Seven Summits.

Aconcagua is bounded by the Valle de las Vacas to the north and east and the Valle de los Horcones Inferior to the West and South.  Mount and its surroundings are part of the Aconcagua Provincial Park.  Mount has a number of glaciers.  Inferior biggest glacier is about 10km long Horcones Ventisquero who descended from the southern face of the altitude of 3600m near the camp Confluencia.  Two other large glacier system is Ventisquero de las Vacas and Glaciar Sur Este / Ventisquero Relinchos system about 5 kilometers long.  However, the most famous is the north-eastern or Polish Glacier, the route generally rise.

Mountains were created by the subduction of the Nazca plate beneath South America during the Andean geological recently orogeny, but not a volcano.  The origin of the name is disputed, it is either from Arauca Aconca - Hue, which refers to the Aconcagua River and means' coming from the other side ', which Cahuak Ackon Quechua, meaning' Sentinel of Stone ', or Quechua Anco Cahuac,' White  Sentinel '.

History

The first attempt on Aconcagua by a European in 1883 was made by a party led by a German geologist and explorer Paul Güssfeldt.  Bribed porters with the story that there was treasure on the mountain, he approached the mountain via the Rio Volcan, create two businesses at the top of the north-west ridge and reaching a height of 6500 meters (21,300 feet).  The route that he now prospected normal route up the mountain.

The first recorded ascent was in 1897 in the British expedition led by Edward FitzGerald.  The peak reached by the Swiss guide Matthias Zurbriggen on January 14, and by two other expedition members a few days later.

The youngest person to reach the peak of Aconcagua is Matthew Moniz of Boulder, Colorado.  He was 10 years old when he reached the peak on December 16, 2008.

The oldest person to climb the Scott Lewis who reach the summit on November 26, 2007.  He was 87 years old.

Pop Culture

Mount has a cameo in the 1942 Disney cartoon called Pedro.  [9] The cartoon stars an anthropomorphic small plane named Pedro who was forced to make air mail hit by the Andes and the disaster that almost encounter with Aconcagua.  Mountain (also anthropomorphic, and scary-looking), then appeared in an illustration used in retelling the story in a book anthology of Disney.

3.  Mount McKinley, Denali (6194 m) (North America)


Mountain Range: Alaska Range
Location: Alaska, United States, North America
Height: 6194 meters or 20,320 feet
Denali is the Native American word for "The Highest." This has been named Mount McKinley after U.S. President William McKinley but called back in 1980.  Mount Denali is known for cold weather, contains 5 large glaciers.  One thermometer was left on the mountain for more than 19 years of carrying that never reached-73.3C (-100F).  Severe altitude sickness is also prevalent at latitude Denali because it is much higher.  A mountain like Denali in equater will have about 47% more oxygen on the peak, compared with sea level.

4.  Kilimanjaro (5895 m) (Africa)

4. Kilimanjaro (5.895 m) (Afrika)
Location: Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, Africa
Height: 5895 meters or 19,640 feet
Kilimanjaro consists of three cone volcano that is inactive and is the highest peak in Africa.  Kibo is the highest cone where Uhuru Peak stands on Tanzania.  It usually takes 4-5 days to climb Kilimanjaro and dismissal cottage located on each day of travel.  The mountain is considered one of the "easier" to climb and it is possible for those with limited mountaineering experience.  Avoid altitude sickness by acclimatization is one of the most difficult.

5.  Mount Elbrus, the Caucasus (5642 m) (Europe))


Caucasus is a region in Eastern Europe and Western Asia between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and other low areas.  Caucasus sometimes considered part of Central Asia.

The highest peak in the Caucasus is Elbrus (5.642m), which is also regarded as the highest mountain in Europe.

Independent states that make up the Caucasus today are Russia (North Caucasus District), Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan.  Large non-independent territory in the Caucasus include Ossetia, Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan in between.  Caucasus is one area that has a linguistic and cultural diversity of the most extensive in the world.

The south Caucasus is known as the Transcaucasus.

Historic events:
Khazar-Arab war
Caucasus by the Russian occupation
1991: recognize the status of an independent Armenian state, Georgia, and Azerbaijan

In Greek mythology, the Caucasus or Kaukasos is one of the pillars supporting the world.  Prometheus was chained there by Zeus.

6.  Vinson Massif (4897 m) (Antarctica)


Mountain Range: Sentinel Range, Ellsworth Mountains
Location: Antarctica
Height: 4892 meters or 16,067 feet
Vinson is known as one of the most inaccessible ranges in the world, and only 800 miles from the South Pole.  The mountain was not known and unsuspected until 1957.  Not until 1966 and 1967, created the first ascent to the peak.  The hardest part about the Vinson Massif is the difficulty level of access, but now there are several tour operators who offer this no man's land.

7.  Puncak Jaya, Indonesia (4884 m) (Oceania)


Puncak Jaya is a peak that became part of Barisan Sudirman located in Papua province, Indonesia.  Puncak Jaya has a height of 4884 m and the surrounding glaciers Carstenz there, the only tropical glaciers in Indonesia, which most likely will soon disappear due to global warming.

This peak was named Poentjak Sukarno and is the highest mountain in Oceania.  Puncak Jaya is one of the Seven Summits of the world.

Other Nama-nama/ejaan:
Pulu guns ("Guns" means mountain)
Mount Carstensz
Carstensz Pyramid
Carstensz Peak
Peak Jayakesuma
Carstensz Pyramid Peak
Ndugundugu
7 The world's highest peak Turned Professional Climber Obsession Reviewed by Nona Lia on 5:35 AM Rating: 5
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