City of Petra in Jordan is known as the setting of the film, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. It's also one of the 7 new wonders of the world, and very easy to see why the architecture is among the most sophisticated ever seen. Built into the slope of Mount Hor, Petra flourished during the Roman era, but it is unknown by the western world until 1812 when it was discovered by Swiss explorer, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. More than 800 individual monuments can be seen in Petra, including the cemetery, where bathing, space funerals and temple.
2. Al-Hijr, Saudi Arabia
Among the most famous sites of Saudi Arabia is Al Hijr architecture, also known as Madain Saleh. The front of a residence in Al-Hijr been carved into the sandstone mountain is sometimes in the second millennium BC. Al Hijr - which literally means 'rocky place' - is believed to have been inhabited by the Nabataeans and Thamood. It features water wells, preserved monumental tombs, inscriptions and cave drawings.
3. Rock-Hewn Churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia
The most amazing structure is carved out of stone churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia. 11 rock hewn churches have each carved from a single block of granite with a roof at ground level. 12th-century King Lalibela commissioned the churches with the aim of creating a new Jerusalem for those who can not make pilgrimages to the original city. Each church was created by carving a trench width on all four sides of the stone and then painstakingly carved out interior. The biggest one among them stood as high as 40 meters.
4. Abu Simbel Nubian Monuments, Egypt
Four colossal statues of ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II guard the door of Abu Simbel, a temple cut from the sandstone cliffs above the Nile River. Commissioned by Ramses himself, the temple facing the east so that twice a year, the sun reaches into the innermost sanctuary, illuminated sculpture Ptah, Amun-Re, Ramesses II and Re-Horakhty. The complex was transferred entirely from its original setting in 1960 to avoid flooding when Lake Nasser was created.
5. Goa Gajah, the Elephant Cave Temple, Bali
Gojah goa, Goa Gajah, Bali is one of the most historical sites significant. The cave seems partly destroyed by natural disasters time, and not detected during the centuries until a team of Dutch archaeologists discovered it in 1923. Thought has been built in the 11th century, Goa Gojah features sculptures influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism and contains a secret meditation room for priests or hermits. The two traditional bathing pools outside the cave containing water is said to have magical properties.
6. Cave Houses Cappadocia, Turkey
Cappadocia is one of the 73 provinces during the Republic of Turkey, and has one of the most bizarre and interesting sights in the world. Soil, stone tufa rock formations feature dwarf 'strange volcanic referred to as' Fairy Chimneys' and the underground cities and building complex is cut from the' tuff 'soft. Many of them are the church, with columns and arches decorate the face of a declared natural stone from stone.
7. Ancient Rock City of Matera, Italy
In the town of Matera ancient rocks in southwestern Italy, people living in the exact same house that their ancestors are not 9,000 years ago. Matera is created from a rocky ravine and natural caves that many in the area - called the 'Sassi in Matera' - was the first home of the Neolithic inhabitants of the region. Cave created a maze of homes, and it is almost impossible to distinguish the natural rock formation of ancient architecture. The houses seem to grow out of stone with an organic way, creating a bit of a tourist attraction of what was in the mid-20th century a ghost town. Matera is mainly setting for Mel Gibson's film "The Passion of the Christ '.
8. Yungang Grottoes, China
The Yungang Grottoes of Datong in Shanxi province of China consists of 53 caves and 51,000 statues, and is one of China's most beautiful examples of cave art. Buddha on a giant tower that winds visitors through the cave to see many statues in it. Most of the works of art ever in the caves were stolen in the early 20th century and the wooden temple that once protected the caves burned down. So, this site is now in desperate need of protection and has been named a UNESCO world heritage site. .